Setting up and using plugins#

Synopsis#

You may wish to alter or expand Composer's functionality with your own. For example if your environment poses special requirements on the behaviour of Composer which do not apply to the majority of its users or if you wish to accomplish something with composer in a way that is not desired by most users.

In these cases you could consider creating a plugin to handle your specific logic.

Creating a Plugin#

A plugin is a regular Composer package which ships its code as part of the package and may also depend on further packages.

Plugin Package#

The package file is the same as any other package file but with the following requirements:

  1. The type attribute must be composer-plugin.
  2. The extra attribute must contain an element class defining the class name of the plugin (including namespace). If a package contains multiple plugins, this can be array of class names.
  3. You must require the special package called composer-plugin-api to define which Plugin API versions your plugin is compatible with.

The required version of the composer-plugin-api follows the same rules as a normal package's.

The current composer plugin API version is 1.1.0.

An example of a valid plugin composer.json file (with the autoloading part omitted):

{
    "name": "my/plugin-package",
    "type": "composer-plugin",
    "require": {
        "composer-plugin-api": "^1.1"
    },
    "extra": {
        "class": "My\\Plugin"
    }
}

Plugin Class#

Every plugin has to supply a class which implements the Composer\Plugin\PluginInterface. The activate() method of the plugin is called after the plugin is loaded and receives an instance of Composer\Composer as well as an instance of Composer\IO\IOInterface. Using these two objects all configuration can be read and all internal objects and state can be manipulated as desired.

Example:

<?php

namespace phpDocumentor\Composer;

use Composer\Composer;
use Composer\IO\IOInterface;
use Composer\Plugin\PluginInterface;

class TemplateInstallerPlugin implements PluginInterface
{
    public function activate(Composer $composer, IOInterface $io)
    {
        $installer = new TemplateInstaller($io, $composer);
        $composer->getInstallationManager()->addInstaller($installer);
    }
}

Event Handler#

Furthermore plugins may implement the Composer\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface in order to have its event handlers automatically registered with the EventDispatcher when the plugin is loaded.

To register a method to an event, implement the method getSubscribedEvents() and have it return an array. The array key must be the event name and the value is the name of the method in this class to be called.

public static function getSubscribedEvents()
{
    return array(
        'post-autoload-dump' => 'methodToBeCalled',
        // ^ event name ^         ^ method name ^
    );
}

By default, the priority of an event handler is set to 0. The priority can be changed by attaching a tuple where the first value is the method name, as before, and the second value is an integer representing the priority. Higher integers represent higher priorities. Priority 2 is called before priority 1, etc.

public static function getSubscribedEvents()
{
    return array(
        // Will be called before events with priority 0
        'post-autoload-dump' => array('methodToBeCalled', 1)
    );
}

If multiple methods should be called, then an array of tuples can be attached to each event. The tuples do not need to include the priority. If it is omitted, it will default to 0.

public static function getSubscribedEvents()
{
    return array(
        'post-autoload-dump' => array(
            array('methodToBeCalled'      ), // Priority defaults to 0
            array('someOtherMethodName', 1), // This fires first
        )
    );
}

Here's a complete example:

<?php

namespace Naderman\Composer\AWS;

use Composer\Composer;
use Composer\EventDispatcher\EventSubscriberInterface;
use Composer\IO\IOInterface;
use Composer\Plugin\PluginInterface;
use Composer\Plugin\PluginEvents;
use Composer\Plugin\PreFileDownloadEvent;

class AwsPlugin implements PluginInterface, EventSubscriberInterface
{
    protected $composer;
    protected $io;

    public function activate(Composer $composer, IOInterface $io)
    {
        $this->composer = $composer;
        $this->io = $io;
    }

    public static function getSubscribedEvents()
    {
        return array(
            PluginEvents::PRE_FILE_DOWNLOAD => array(
                array('onPreFileDownload', 0)
            ),
        );
    }

    public function onPreFileDownload(PreFileDownloadEvent $event)
    {
        $protocol = parse_url($event->getProcessedUrl(), PHP_URL_SCHEME);

        if ($protocol === 's3') {
            $awsClient = new AwsClient($this->io, $this->composer->getConfig());
            $s3RemoteFilesystem = new S3RemoteFilesystem($this->io, $event->getRemoteFilesystem()->getOptions(), $awsClient);
            $event->setRemoteFilesystem($s3RemoteFilesystem);
        }
    }
}

Plugin capabilities#

Composer defines a standard set of capabilities which may be implemented by plugins. Their goal is to make the plugin ecosystem more stable as it reduces the need to mess with Composer\Composer's internal state, by providing explicit extension points for common plugin requirements.

Capable Plugins classes must implement the Composer\Plugin\Capable interface and declare their capabilities in the getCapabilities() method. This method must return an array, with the key as a Composer Capability class name, and the value as the Plugin's own implementation class name of said Capability:

<?php

namespace My\Composer;

use Composer\Composer;
use Composer\IO\IOInterface;
use Composer\Plugin\PluginInterface;
use Composer\Plugin\Capable;

class Plugin implements PluginInterface, Capable
{
    public function activate(Composer $composer, IOInterface $io)
    {
    }

    public function getCapabilities()
    {
        return array(
            'Composer\Plugin\Capability\CommandProvider' => 'My\Composer\CommandProvider',
        );
    }
}

Command provider#

The Composer\Plugin\Capability\CommandProvider capability allows to register additional commands for Composer :

<?php

namespace My\Composer;

use Composer\Plugin\Capability\CommandProvider as CommandProviderCapability;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Input\InputInterface;
use Symfony\Component\Console\Output\OutputInterface;
use Composer\Command\BaseCommand;

class CommandProvider implements CommandProviderCapability
{
    public function getCommands()
    {
        return array(new Command);
    }
}

class Command extends BaseCommand
{
    protected function configure()
    {
        $this->setName('custom-plugin-command');
    }

    protected function execute(InputInterface $input, OutputInterface $output)
    {
        $output->writeln('Executing');
    }
}

Now the custom-plugin-command is available alongside Composer commands.

Composer commands are based on the Symfony Console Component.

Using Plugins#

Plugin packages are automatically loaded as soon as they are installed and will be loaded when composer starts up if they are found in the current project's list of installed packages. Additionally all plugin packages installed in the COMPOSER_HOME directory using the composer global command are loaded before local project plugins are loaded.

You may pass the --no-plugins option to composer commands to disable all installed plugins. This may be particularly helpful if any of the plugins causes errors and you wish to update or uninstall it.

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